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Diesel Boost for Citroen Berlingo Performance and Economy - THE CITROËN BERLINGO – IN DETAIL

February 5th, 2008



The Berlingo measures 4.13 metres in length, and offers a usable capacity of three cubic metres with a maximum payload of 800 kg. Breaking with established practices in light vehicle design, the innovative styling of the Berlingo is more like that of a saloon or people-carrier than a van. The Berlingo offers the services of a light utility vehicle with the qualities of a passenger car for the price of a small car.

Citroën’s aim is to offer a range of vehicles that is broad enough to meet all customer requirements and expectations. With the Berlingo, the C15, the Jumpy and the Jumper, Citroën’s offering in light utility vehicles is the most recent, most modern and most complete in Europe.

The Berlingo is a true multi-purpose vehicle. It is a utility vehicle, because it is robust, functional, practical (generous access to loading area, numerous storage areas) and safe (powerful brakes, reinforcing bars in the doors, driver’s airbag, height-adjustable safety belts, pyrotechnic pretensioners and grabbers).

The Berlingo also matches passenger cars in terms of real driving pleasure and a level of comfort silence and ergonomics as well as a full range of standard and optional equipment.

The Citroën Berlingo embodies the unique points of several market segments. While being externally no bigger than a small hatchback, it offers a vast loading area. It’s compact and original lines and rounded nose demonstrates its natural style. The high driving position and large windscreen afford an excellent view over the road, enhancing the comfort of the driver and passengers. The vehicle is sufficiently robust to be used in the most difficult conditions. The light and spacious interior provides exceptional visibility. Its towing capacities are the best in the segment, with a rating of up to 900kg.

A 1.4 Iitre engine developing 57 kW powers the Citroën Berlingo for the Australian market and it has now been joined by a new 1.6 litre 66 kW Turbo Diesel.

 

INNOVATIVE STYLING

The styling is homogenous, modern and innovative with fluid and aerodynamic lines sweeping from the driver’s position to the loading area in unbroken continuity.

The exterior styling of the Berlingo is unique because, unlike all the other vehicles in this segment, it was not based on a saloon. Its body is integral with no interruptions, no “bubble”.

The Berlingo is immediately identifiable as a member of the Citroën family, with the chevrons in the middle of the radiator grille, the Citroën and Berlingo name plates on the rear door, the Citroën marking on the wide side protection bands and a double chevron in the centre of the wheels.

The Citroën Berlingo thereby satisfies the expectations of people using small utility vehicles, with its high-quality robust looks and rounded forms, stressing the care and attention given to body assembly.

The wide front and rear bumpers in recyclable thermoplastic and the wrap-around side protections offer excellent protection against impact in the city.

 

 

A COMFORTABLE AND FUNCTIONAL CABIN

The finish of the passenger compartment, the equipment and the acoustic comfort are worthy of a saloon. Using the experience gained with the Citroën Xsara, the floors were stiffened and stamped into a dish form in order to filter vibrations more effectively, a design known as an acoustic floor pan. The cab is fully trimmed with no painted metal visible.

To better satisfy the needs of professional van users, the Berlingo offers the largest number of storage spaces in its category. The vehicle is equipped with a number of storage areas cleverly designed to use space wasted in other vehicles. These include two large gloveboxes one of which is fitted with a recess for drink cans; two large partitioned cubbies in the doors, with a built-in bottle-holder; partitioned cubby in front of the gear lever to store cassettes and a smaller cubby behind the hand brake; three spaces for standard drinks cans.

The passenger compartment is the largest and most spacious in the segment, with an elbow width of 1.408 mm and a body eight of 1,070 mm. The vast, high windscreen and large windows in the doors let in the light and aid visibility, giving an airy open feeling to the cabin.

The large doors and slightly raised position of the seats facilitates accessibility and lessens the fatigue of professional users making frequent stops. The seats are comfortable and offer efficient lumbar support. The driving pleasure offered by a raised position and comfortable seats is optimized by a height-adjustable three-spoke steering wheel.

The multi-function passenger seat is unique. As comfortable as a conventional seat, it is turned into a working tool by folding down the back of the seat to make a flat surface. A document holder, drink recesses and a pencil case are provided for added convenience. Tipping the entire seat forwards reveals a vast storage area. Deep, broad and high, the storage box offers a capacity of some one hundred litres. It is designed to store fragile or valuable objects, protecting them from prying eyes or from contact with the loading area.

 

FUNCTIONAL AND CONVENIENT

With a useful capacity of three cubic metres, the Citroën Berlingo offers a high competitive load area that puts most of its direct competitors in the shade. The many stamped sections of the load floor reduce vibrations. A thick rubber carpet, raised on the sides and at the front, makes the loading area easy to clean while helping to prevent road noise or acoustic radiation from the exhaust penetrating the vehicle.

The Berlingo is a van for professional users. Its loading area was designed to maximize convenience and functionality for the user. The Berlingo has a bigger loading area than “bubble” vans, both in terms of the distance between rear wheel arches (1.19m) and the maximum width of the floor (1.60m). When the multi-function passenger seat is folded down, the maximum loading length increased from 1.70 m to 2.10 m. The loading area is well-defined and easy to load. Designed with a simple shape to enable maximum use of the space available, it is big enough to accommodate Australian standard one metre square pallets.

Access to the loading area is facilitated by the rear doors, which open to 90º and 180º with an entrance 1.15 m in height with a minimum width of 1.9 m and, at the front, via the multi-function seat. Sized to be used as a step, the rear bumper resists a vertical load of 150 kg, making it possible to load heavy objects.

Three types of load stop satisfy the specific needs of all types of professional activity. Six tie down hooks – located on the sides of the vehicle so as not to hinder loading – enable the user to secure the load.

The Berlingo can be fitted out to meet specific requirements. Horizontal and vertical stiffeners make it possible to create or fix new storage containers.

The optional side sliding door provides a new level of access to the interior of the Berlingo. It features safety catches to prevent it being opened when the Berlingo is being refueled and catches to hold it open even when the Berlingo is on a steep slope.

 

GLOBAL SAFETY

Designed with the same rigour as the marque’s saloons, the Berlingo offers the highest levels of safety and passenger protection.

Illustrating Citroen’s traditional strong points, the Berlingo is equipped with a MacPherson type front axle like the Xsara, independent rear wheels, front and rear anti-roll bars to optimize roadholding and powerful brakes with discs at the front and drums at the rear.

To protect its occupants, the Berlingo is designed to meet the most stringent European standards on front and rear impact. The structure was developed to avoid or reduce injury. The passenger compartment is a rigid survival cell; the structure is reinforced by a stiffening roll bar around the passenger compartment. The roll bar is formed by the two central reinforced pillars, which rest on the lower side members. The pillars are linked at the top by stiffening cross-member.

To complement the safety roll bar, the doors are fitted with reinforcing steel bars.

The Berlingo is equipped with height-adjustable front safety belts with reels, pyrotechnic pretensioners and grabbers, anti-submarining seats, headrests, a foam-covered steering wheel to absorb energy, load tie-down hooks, a fuel cut-off system activated in the event of impact and an anti-leak valve in the event of rollover. In addition to all these safety devices, the Berlingo includes a driver’s airbag.

 

GLOBAL COMFORT

With the Citroen Berlingo, the marque’s traditional approach to comfort has been extended through a high level of acoustic comfort and equipment offering that is worthy of a saloon.

The Berlingo is equipped with driving mirrors that are adjustable from inside the passenger compartment and the Berlingo also offers power steering as standard.

The Berlingo includes air conditioning with a pollen filter as standard, as well as an optional comfort pack comprising, remote central locking, an electric passenger rearview mirror and heated rearview mirrors.

Moreover, security has been optimized with declutching locks and a lockable fuel cap as standard.

 

THE BERLINGO MARKET

The sub-$20,000 commercial vehicle market offers a limited range of vehicles, with either the small traditional commercial vehicle, such as the Suzuki Carry van, or the European sourced car-derived van, such as the Holden Combo, a van version of the Holden Barina and in its latest incarnation, a clear copy of the Berlingo.

The New Citroen Berlingo slots into the market offering the best features of both without the negatives. Its key advantages are:

  • Larger than class average payload and load area
  • Homogenous styling
  • Strong positive image and style for users
  • Class leading handling, roadholding and ride quality.
  • Purpose designed and built, rather than a converted car.

 

Sine the launch of the Berlingo, the car derived small van market has been revitalized, having all but disappeared since its hayday in the 1970s with the arrival of cheap Asian vans.

 

CUSTOMER PROFILE

Van owners tend to be people in active employment. Customers can be split into two main segments: “user-decision makers” and “non-decision-makers”.

The first category is primarily comprises of craftsmen, shopkeepers and small and medium sized businesses; the second mainly comprises fleet managers in big companies and government offices.

Customer expectations vary from one category to the next. “User-decision-makers” place the emphasis primarily on comfort, ergonomics and looks, although they also study size-to-price ratio and economy of use. Their vehicle is their workplace for between 8 and 12 hours every day. They want a van that offers all the qualities of a passenger car, so that the company and the driver are enhanced through the image of the vehicle. For customers in this category, their personal view of the car is more important than questions of economy.

“Non-user-decision-makers” place greater emphasis on rational criteria such as reliability, robustness and economy of use (consumption, maintenance costs and residual value). The opinion of users is also taken into consideration.

In all cases, the question of image is fundamental. The standing of the utility vehicle conveys the image of the company. Today, buyers tend to prefer compact, multi-purpose utility vehicles, able to serve as either a passenger car or a utility vehicle and thereby to satisfy both private and professional requirements.

Buyers are looking for a vehicle offering sufficient space and accessibility for professional activities, while also maximising comfort and life on board during private use. Half the owners of utility vehicles use their vehicle for travelling between home and work and 25 per cent use it for leisure purposes.

Since its launch in Australia, the Berlingo has become a common sight on Australian roads and in the hands of many well known names, such as the NRMA, as well as it being in use with thousands of small companies.

 

BODYWORK – STRUCTURE

The Citroën Berlingo heralds a new era in concepts of utility vehicle design. Unlike its predecessors – resembling small saloons at the front with a “bubble” tacked on to the back as a loading area – the Berlingo is designed specifically for professional use. The Berlingo offers:

  • highly accessible front seats, reducing the fatigue caused by frequent stopping: wide entrance, high seating positions;
  • a generously sized and highly accessible loading area, accepting pallets of European dimensions;
  • a level of passenger comfort to match that of a saloon, the passenger area being similar to that of a small hatchback.

 

QUALITY – ENDURANCE

The design of the Berlingo made extensive use of computer-assisted design and drafting techniques coupled with scientific computation. The result is a geometric precision ensuring constant quality in volume production. During its gestation period, the Berlingo passed a series of severe endurance tests on the test bench and on the track.

 

CONSTRUCTION

The modern and innovative Citroën Berlingo has a style defined by continuous, fluid and aerodynamic lines, incorporating the driver’s position with the loading area.

The superstructure rests on a particularly rigid platform, based on that of the Xsara. The frequently praised roadholding qualities of the Xsara can be partially attributed to the characteristics of the floorpan. If torque of 100 m.daN is applied to both axles, the angle of torsion of the body does not exceed 0.7 milliradians.

Like the rest of the body, the front subframe was the focus of detailed and specific development studies, endowing it with high resistance to impact, vibrations and fatigue. Highly robust engine mounts connect the powerplant mounting with the body. The mounting accommodates both the steering box and the running gear, thereby forming a cross-member that prevents the powerplant from entering the passenger compartment in the event of impact.

The wing inner panel reinforcements sweep towards the back of the vehicle, growing gradually wider until they reach the front pillars, to which they are attached. Fold initiators dissipate energy in the event of impact.

A vertical steel core inside the box section reinforces the rails supporting the powerplant. The top part of the reinforced front unit is raised by about 15 cm in order to meet the windscreen aperture and cowling. The lower front part is closed by a welded cross-member supporting the radiator and designed to distribute effort to both sides in the event of head-on impact.

A removable support frame, built away from the vehicle assembly line to ensure a higher level of build quality and installation integrity, closes the front part of the structure. It supports the bumpers, radiator grille and headlamps and speeds servicing and maintenance. The cowling, which forms a screen between the engine compartment and the passenger compartment, is stiffened by a cross-member.

Platform: acoustically engineered floor pans
The platform is a structure obtained by assembling the front and rear floors, the heel board and a number of longitudinal and transversal beams. The front, back and sides of the platform are marked out by box-sections, acting as highly resistant beams.

A central tunnel running the length of the front floor partially clears the way for the exhaust system. Applying the experience gained with the development of the Xsara, the acoustic engineering of the front and rear floors was repeated on the Berlingo. The front floor is 0.7 mm thick and is stamped into a dish shape. Behind it is the rear floor. It is thick (0.9 mm) and extensively marked with longitudinal stamped sections broken up by a transversal stamped section. The configuration of these stamped sections maximizes the tension of the metal in order to eliminate low frequency noise, including boom.

The floors are supported by a number of side-members and cross-members of unequal inertia, two of which support the rear axle. The rear floor must tolerate loads of up to
800 kg. It is supported by three cross-members of high inertia, two of which are linked by two small side-members attached to the vehicle cross-members, at right angles to the rear pillars of the side doors.

Superstructure: the strong cage
The superstructure rests on a particularly stiff platform. The roof, which is 0.7 mm thick and stiffened, is mounted on four transversal stamped beam sections. The side panels, which are 0.7 mm thick, are made of a special type of metal, which takes on mechanical characteristics close to those of high-yield metal after stamping. Inside the vehicle, the panels are reinforced and partially covered by linings. At the top of the panel lining, two side-members bear the arches and cross-members supporting the roof.

Like the Xsara, the Berlingo is equipped with a transversal-stiffening cage formed by the rear-reinforced pillars of the side doors, linked at the top by a large cross-member. The cage protects the occupants of the Berlingo in the event of side impact. The reinforcement bar placed at the bottom of each of the side doors further increases this protection. Four ring-shaped box-sections ensure that the superstructure is both stiff and robust.

Doors
The steel bonnet can be held open at an angle of 90 degrees in order to facilitate maintenance operations. The broad side doors offer a wide entrance for easy access to the vehicle. The access doors at the back are of the barn type. A large handle opens the right-hand door, while a lever on the edge of the door unlocks and opens the left-hand door. This door is equipped with a rubber stop to provide protection in case it is pushed back against the right-hand door.

The right-hand door is equipped with a mechanism to open it from the inside, should anybody become trapped between the closed doors and an optional load stop partition. The doors open in two positions: 90 degrees and 180 degrees. No special procedure is required to close the doors when they are open to 180 degrees .

Protection
This type of vehicle is frequently subject to intensive use. Citroën therefore made sure that it would be well protected in the event of minor collisions or corrosion. In terms of serious collisions, head-on or side impact, the Berlingo easily meets current standards. The rear bumper juts out from the body and it is designed to support a vertical load of 150 kg. It can be used as a step when loading, unloading, or securing objects on the roof rack.

Protection against corrosion
Corrosion is prevented by a host of methods and precautions: quality of sheet metal and mounting, sealing beads, protection of box sections, paint, etc. In all these areas, the Berlingo is treated in the same way as a saloon. Almost 75 per cent of the sheet steel is precoated, galvanised on both sides or zinc electroplated.

Protection against corrosion also depends on the quality and the number of spot welds. A large number of spot welds (4,200 on the Berlingo) reduces lengths of non-coupled metal and thereby cuts the risk of water seeping in. To perfect the sealing of metal plates, 11 kilos of mastic are used, stopping rust-causing metal to metal contact.

The paint is applied in the same way as for saloon. First, the metal undergoes degreasing and phosphatation, then it receives two coats of primer, one applied by cataphoresis, sealing beads followed by a coat of PVC (a bituminous product) on the side-members and front wheel arches to protect against gravel chipping. Two layers of paint are then applied, followed by a coat of supergloss in some cases.

Polypropylene mudguards protect the front and rear wheel arches. Two strips of synthetic material are placed as bump protection on the rear doors of the Berlingo. They protrude from the doors to protect them if they are opened carelessly and slam against an object outside the vehicle, the angle of a wall for example.

 

SAFETY IN DETAIL

Whether it is empty or fully laden, the Berlingo is a utility vehicle offering the same qualities in terms of comfort and roadholding as a Citroën saloon.

This achievement can be attributed to:

  • The characteristics of the running gear: front wheel drive, four independent wheels, MacPherson type front axle, rear axle with torsion bars;
  • The definition of suspension adjustment, the choice of tyres, the low position of the steering box;
  • The flectional and torsional resistance of the structure and notably of the understructure to which the axles are attached;
  • The robustness and stiffness of the mounting to which the front axle and steering box are fixed.

 

Efficient and fatigue resisting brakes
With a wide load range, it is important for the brakes to be both efficient and fatigue resisting. The brakes are double-circuit with full or ventilated discs at the front and drums at the back. A power brake multiplies the braking force by a factor of 3.9. A dual brake pressure compensator modulates braking force on the rear wheels according to variations in load.

All-round resistance to impact
The Berlingo offers all the features developed for the Xsara in order to protect the occupants in the event of head-on impact. Ahead of the A pillar both vehicles are similar under the skin, with a cross-member distributing effort on either side, programmed crumple beams and a cowling cross-member to prevent the powerplant from entering the passenger compartment.

In the event of side impact, the passengers are well protected for several reasons, including:

  • The high seating positions and reinforcement bar in each side door;
  • The highly efficient stiffening transversal bow, which minimizes injury by converting much of the energy of impact into vehicle movement, thereby preventing sudden deformation of the structure.

In the event of rollover, occupants are protected by the highly resistant upper bodywork.

Four rings protect the occupants in roll-over accidents: the transversal stiffening ring, the two ring-shaped box sections surrounding the windscreen, the cowling and the load entrance at the back and a fourth ring resting on the rear wheel arches.

A variety of load barriers
The load barriers are designed to tie the load down or to stop it from moving around and entering the passenger compartment. The rubber carpet covering the load floor in the has a high coefficient of adhesion and prevents movement. A removable tubular load barrier is standard on all versions to protect the driver. A load barrier measuring 90mm in height is positioned behind the seats to prevent loads from moving into the passenger area.

Six hooks on the walls are used to secure loads that are bigger or have higher levels of inertia.

A range of fire protection devices
The Berlingo is equipped with three main fire protection devices:

  • the central position of the fuel tank; located in front of the rear axle between the side-members of the body, it is protected from rear impact and side impact;
  • instant fuel cut-off by an inertia device in the event of impact. This prevents fire breaking out as a result of a broken fuel pipe.
  • an anti-leak valve in the event of rollover.

Lighting adapted to the load
Whatever the driving conditions, visibility is vital to safety. During the day, the large glazed area (239 cm²) immense windscreen (114 cm²) and generously sized rearview mirrors ensure that the driver can easily see what is happening on the road.

All versions are fitted with halogen headlamps fitted with H4 lamps for driving at night. On all versions, the elevation of the headlamps can be adjusted according to the load. When the headlamps are switched off, the rear fog lamp is automatically switched off too.

A wealth of safety features
All versions are equipped with the following as standard:

  • height-adjustable seatbelts with reels, grabbers and pyrotechnic pretensioners
  • anti-submarining seats
  • height-adjustable headrests
  • a height-adjustable energy absorbing foam covered steering wheel
  • a steering column that retracts in the event of impact.

 

ACOUSTIC COMFORT AND VIBRATION CONTROL

The Berlingo is a benchmark in comfort and low noise.

For low- and medium frequency noise, the Berlingo offers the same features as other Citroën vehicles with host of noise damping features and devices built into the drive train.

High and medium frequency noise is caused by wind hitting the car. The Berlingo addresses the problem through its styling. With its fluid, gentle and uninterrupted lines, the Berlingo surpasses the stringent new European standard limiting noise emissions by utility vehicles to 77 decibels.

On the Berlingo, high-frequency noises are addressed by soundproofing materials and a high quality trim. The passenger compartment is isolated from the engine compartment by:

  • soundproofing covering under the bonnet on all versions, made of compressed felt of a density of 1,350 g/m². An 80mm pocket of air between the bonnet and the covering improves acoustic insulation;
  • a soundproofing covering on the passenger side of the cowling on all versions, made of septum foam with a density of 5 kb/ m² and a 20 mm thick layer of foam.

The following items also contribute to the soundproofing of the passenger compartment;

  • the 8mm thick roof covering on all versions;
  • a 3mm thick sealing sheet attached to the inside of the rear swing-out doors on the trim panel’
  • the washable rubber mat with turned-up edges that protects the loading area of the Berlingo, as well as limiting road noise and acoustic radiation from the exhaust system. The noise can be lowered by as much as 5 decibels’;
  • the absorbent bituminous pads stuck to the inner sides of the side panels in the loading area. They protect the metal and reduce vibrations by increasing its inertia;
  • the stiffened bow surrounding the rear opening, which limits the tremors of the vehicle on bad roads (vibration control);
  • the polypropylene mudguards protecting the front and rear wheel arches, significantly reduce the noise caused by splashing water (wet roads) or gravel;
  • the acoustically engineered front and rear floor pans of the platform. Detailed studies were conducted on the design of the shape and layout of stamped sections in order to filter vibration and eliminate boom.

 

EQUIPMENT

The roomy passenger compartment is enhanced by the interior styling of the vehicle, which is bright, practical and ergonomic, with a high-quality finish.

The single-piece dashboard is of a harmonious and modern design. It is made of a thick grained, synthetic material in dark, matt colouring. All the driving aids are displayed in an ergonomic layout.

The upper part of the dashboard can be used to store small objects such as glasses and cigarettes. In front of the gear lever on the central console, a partitioned cubby is provided to store audio cassettes.

Two large stowage cubbies in the inner linings of the side doors can be used to store objects as large as a 1.5 litre bottle and a note pad. A coat hook is provided behind each seat.

The Berlingo is equipped with a clever and innovative multi-function passenger seat. In just a few seconds, the comfortable seat with its adjustable headrest becomes a functional work surface. A thick, generously dimensioned table appears when the seat back is fold down onto the seat. The table is fitted with a strap to hold documents in place, a pencil case and two recesses for holding cups.

The seat can be tipped over completely to reveal a vast 100 cm³ chest, whose contents are protected from prying eyes. In this position, the seat makes an additional loading space available, for storing objects of up to 2.10 m in length across a width of 500 mm.

The simple forms of the roomy loading area with its compact wheel arches and large rear entrance, enable the occupants to make maximum use of the useful space. The generous space between the wheel arches and the size of the entrance make it possible to store pallets.

 

BERLINGO: THE DRIVETRAIN

The 1.6 litre Turbo Diesel engine
The 1.6 litre 66 kW HDi engine was first used in the European Citroën C4 range and first arrived in Australia in the Citroën C3 HDi at the start of this year. It is derived from the 1.6 litre 80 kW engine used in the Australian market Citroën C4 HDi and shares many major components, not least its all-aluminum construction.

The 1.4 litre petrol engine
The new 1.4 litre petrol engine in the Berlingo is fitted with multipoint electronic injection and it has been fine-tuned in the present version for improved running, reduced consumption and even lower levels of pollution emission.

The cylinder head is made of aluminium alloy. An overhead camshaft extends out from it, acting on the valves through intermediate rocker arms. The aluminium alloy cylinder block has separate cylinder liners and a cast iron crankshaft balanced with eight counterweights. This drives flat-headed pistons.

The induction system consists of a dry air filter, a resonator and an inlet manifold made of synthetic material. Four pipes run out of the manifold, each supplying one cylinder. A step motor provides smooth and precise control over the throttle flap.

A Sagem SL96 control unit regulates injection and houses the transponder-activated engine immobiliser. Static distribution ignition is managed by the Sagem SL96 control unit.

Transmission
The Berlingo has a mono-disc, diaphragm-type dry clutches which are cable operated by push control and have automatic self-adjustment. This makes it possible to keep the clutch pedal at a constant height for maximum driver comfort, adjusting the cable slack caused by wear on the disc by shortening the cable sheathing. The Berlingo is fitted with an MA-type gearbox.

Axles – suspension
The front MacPherson type axle has an anti-roll bar 21 mm in diameter on all models. The anti-roll bar is 20 mm in diameter on the rear axle whose flexibility has been increased with the torsion bar diameter cut to 19.6 mm.

The Berlingo uses the same MICHELIN 175/65 R14 AGILIS 41 tyre mounted on steel, grey painted wheels measuring 51/2 J x 14 / inclination 24 mm. Steering is hydraulically power assisted and the steering wheel is height-adjustable on all versions.

Braking
The X-split double-circuit braking systems are carefully sized for the different versions. Full discs are used at the front while at the rear self-adjusting drum brakes are used.

Effective braking is ensured by a vacuum servo driven by the air inlet on the petrol engine and a vacuum pump mounted at the end of the camshaft on diesel-powered versions. The power braking ratio is 3.9.

Braking is rendered even more effective by a dual load-slaved compensator which adjust the braking effort on the rear wheels.

The emergency brake acts on the rear wheels.

Citroën Berlingo: Standard Equipment
  Standard   Optional  
DASHBOARD INSTRUMENTS  
Water temperature indicator  
Fuel gauge with minimum level warning light  
Digital Clock  
Brake pad wear indicator  
Battery charge light  
Headlamp indicator light (dipped full beam)  
Rear fog lamp indicator  
Parking brake and brake fluid level indicator  
Oil pressure warning light  
Engine self-test warning light   
Daily distance recorder  
SAFETY AND DRIVING EQUIPMENT  
Driver’s airbag  
Audible lights-on warning  
Tubular load stop  
One tone horn  
Reinforcement bars in doors  
Lockable fuel filler cap  
Front seatbelts with pyrotechnic pretensioners  
Mid-height partition  
Mid-height partition + grid  
Electric headlamp control from passenger compartment  
Fuel cut-off on collision  
Power steering   
Two-speed windscreen wiper + intermittent function  
Rear fog lamp  
Reversing light  
Halogen headlamps  
Indicator repeater lights on sides  
Driver’s footrest  
Day and night interior rearview mirror  
Height-adjustable steering wheel  
Foam-covered steering wheel  
COMFORT, ACCESSORIES AND TRIM  
Elbow-rests on front doors  
Adjustable central vents on dashboard  
Adjustable lateral vents with integral side window defrosting  
Front cigar lighter  
Lower glovebox  
Front ashtray  
Variable speed fan  
Illuminated heating and ventilation controls  
Coat hooks  
Tie-down hooks on floor at back, six  
3rd brake light on rear door  
Hinged rear roof flap  
Map reading light on roof console  
Front electric window lift  
Driver’s sun visor with pocket  
Passenger’s sun visor with mirror  
Supergloss metallic paint  
Double swing-out rear doors opening to 180 degrees, with windows  
Wide side protection moldings  
Radio CD Player + 2 loudspeakers in the doors  
Air conditioning + pollen filter  
Height-adjustable headrest on front seat  
Spare wheel under floor at back  
Manually adjusted driver’s seat   
Multi-function passenger seat  
Soundproofed protective rubber mat on load floor  
Cubby on front doors with bottle – and glass-holder  

Citroën Berlingo: Technical Specification
ENGINE Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Type/Model name Petrol/TU3        P/GJKFWB TurboDiesel         DV6 9HW
Layout Transverse – Tilted 18 degrees forward
Number of cylinders 4 in line
Bore/Stroke (mm) 75 x 77 75 x 88.3
Capacity (cc) 1,360 1560
Compression ratio 10.2:1 18:01
Maximum power EEC (kW – rpm) 57 – 5,500 66 – 4000
Maximum power (bhp-rpm) 75 – 5,500 90 – 4000
Maximum torque EEC (Nm-rpm) 111 – 3,400 215 – 1750
Maximum torque (m.kg-rpm) 11.5 – 3,400 22.4 – 1750 
Type of injection Mulitpoint Common rail, direct injection
Engine Management Sagem SL96 Bosch EDC 16C34
Battery 12V – 200 Ah 12V – 300 Ah
Alternator class 7 – 950 W Class 15
Starter class 2 Class 2
Radiator with a surface area 23 cm² 23 cm²
Fan/diameter (mm) single-speed 12 W/305 single-speed 12 W/305
Fan with AirCon two dual-speed 250 W engine fans two dual-speed 250 W engine fans
Fan activation/deactivation temperature 97ºC / 92ºC 97ºC / 92ºC
TRANSMISSION Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Gear  1st 0.2926  
ratios 2nd 0.5128  
  3rd 0.7837  
  4th 1.0256  
  5th 1.303  
  Rev 0.279  
Final drive ratio   (13 x 59) 0.2203  
  1st 6.46  
  2nd 12.05  
Speed in km/h 3rd 18.42  
At 1,000 rpm 4th 24.11  
  5th 30.63  
  Rev 6.56  
Tyre rolling circumference (mm) 1,800
Clutch exterior/ interior (mm)/Tare (kg) 200/137/357
STEERING Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Type Power
Wheel diameter (mm) 330
Steering ratio 18.8:1
Turns lock to lock 3.3
Turning circle (m) kerb/wall 11.257/11.67
SUSPENSION Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Type Fully independent, McPherson struts at the front, trailing arms at the rear
Front suspension  
Wheel flexibility (mm/100kg) Empty / laden - / 34
Wheel frequency (Hertz) Empty / fully laden 1.59 /1.44
Rear Suspension  
Wheel flexibility (mm/100kg) empty / laden 39.5 / 25
Wheel frequency (Hertz) empty / laden 1.78 /1.39
Wheels Steel Michelin 5 1/2 J x 14
Inclination (mm) 24
Nuts 4
Tyres 175/70 R14 XC4S
Pressure F – R (bar) 3.0 – 3.7
Rolling circumference (mm) 1,847
BRAKES Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Layout F/R: D: disc; Dr: drum; X-split double-circuit – Dual compensator at rear
Power braking ratio 3.9
Diameter of master cylinder (mm) 23.8
Front brakes  
Disc diameter (mm) 266
Disc thickness (mm) 13
Surface area of lining (cm²) 181.6
Piston diameter (mm) 54
Rear brakes  
Drum diameter (mm) 228
Drum width (mm) 40
Surface area of lining (cm²) 268
Piston diameter (mm) 22.2
DIMENSIONS (mm) Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Total length 4,137
Total width 1,724
Total height 1,810
Front overhang 816
Rear overhang 602
Wheelbase 2,693
Front – rear track 1,420 – 1,440
Elbow room 1408
Length of loading area 1700
Max. length of loading area, passenger seat folded down  
Width between wheel arches 2100
Maximum rear floor width 1195
Maximum interior height 1600
  1245
Loading area dimensions (mm)  
Height of rear door 1,155
Width of rear door at top 1,870
Width of rear door at bottom 1,185
Maximum door width 1,270
Height of loading sill 567
Side Sliding Door width 530
Side Sliding Door height 1120
Glazed area (cm²)  
Windscreen 114
Rear windows 62
Side windows 63
Total 239
Volume of loading area (m³) 3
WEIGHT (KG) Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Min. empty weight EEC 1,070 1205
Min. F-R distribution EEC 635 – 435  
Gross vehicle weight 2680 3030
Max. payload 800 800
Max. on front axle EEC 930 1000
Max. on rear axle EEC 1060 1080
Towable load braked/unbraked 900 / 535  
Max. on towbar – on roof rack 70 – 100
CAPACITIES (litres) Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Fuel tank 55 60
Engine oil (change + filter) 3.5 4.7
Gearbox oil 2 2
Cooling system 6 11
AERODYNAMICS Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Cd 0.37
SCd (m²): 0.96
S (m²): 2.63
Cz front -0.03
Cz rear -0.03
PERFORMANCE (DIN)  Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
0 – 1000 m (sec) 38.5 34.9
0 – 400 m (sec) 20.4 18.7
0 to 100 km/h (sec) 17.5 12.9
Max. speed (km/h) 150 160
CONSUMPTION (litres per 100 km) Berlingo Van 1.4 Berlingo 1.6 HDi
Urban 9.7 6.7
Extra Urban 6.2 4.7
Combined 7.5 5.4
Co2 (g/km) 176 143

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